Bukhara is on the most ancient cities of Uzbekistan. The cultural layer on the territory occupied by city is more than 20 meters. It was exactly the depth where archeologists discovered the remnants of residential and public dwellings along with coins, houseware, tools and jewelry dated 4 BC. Therefore, the age of Bukhara itself is 2500 years. Back in ancient times it was a part of one of the Central regions – Sogd, where troops of Alexander the Great have passed. By that time the city-building culture was well developed. Not far from the city the remnants of antic settlement Varakhsha could be found. It was know with it gorgeous wall painting, representing the scenes of cheetah hunting.
Fortress Ark is considered to be Bukhara’s Center, where the rulers and their servants live. Behind its walls the actual city – shahristan was built. It was surrounded by trade-and-vocational suburbs – rabid. The Great Silk road crossed Bukhara. More than 60 caravansaries accommodating the merchants from India, China and other countries had been placed here. With Arabs took over, Islam was brought into Bukhara in 7 AD. Since that time mosques and minarets, madrasahs and cultural complexes have been built. Over thousand years the Samanid’s mausoleum keeps amazing people with it beauty, perfect harmony and genious design. The architectural complexes Poi-Kalyan, Lyabi-Haus, Gaukushon and others are the best examples of medieval architects’ creations. In Bukhara itself many monuments of dwelling architecture, palaces, bathhouses and trade facilities have been preserved. Special enchantments contain the architectural complexes outside the city – Bahavuddin, Chor-Bakr, Toshmachit and others.
In the monuments preserved, the specific features of local unique architectural school are clearly seen, which testify of an outstanding mastership of Bukhara’s architects.
General view. 1535 - 1536
General view. 1807
Dating back to the 4th -3rd century BC